Luchtkwaliteit op (de) weg met ITS : de invloed van intelligente transportsystemen op de uitstoot van luchtverontreinigende stoffen door het verkeer

Drewes, W.L. (2006) Luchtkwaliteit op (de) weg met ITS : de invloed van intelligente transportsystemen op de uitstoot van luchtverontreinigende stoffen door het verkeer.

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Abstract:Since 1999 the implementation of new air quality guidelines in the European Union started. The new guidelines contain fixed limit values concerning the concentration of pollutants in ambient air. In the European Member States these developments cause political and social commotion about seriousness of polluted air people live in. Air quality measurements on several locations throughout Europe indicate that concentrations of pollutants frequently exceed the limit values. Poor air quality becomes a serious threat to public health. More appropriate air quality measures should be implemented to comply with European guidelines. To improve air quality, vehicle emission should be reduced. Because of the oil depended economy a large-scale use of clean vehicles (like electric (hybride) or hydrogen powered vehicles) will not be realised in short term. Intelligent traffic measures (IST-measures), which affect driving behaviour, can contribute to the reduction of vehicle emission. Traffic dependent traffic signals and traffic signal coordination (like the "green wave"), DRIP's (Dynamic Route Information Panels) and in-car applications, which are systems developed to increase road capacity, can also be used to reduce the air pollution caused by traffic. Advanced modelling methods are required to forecast the impacts of these ITS-measures. Impact assessment in advance (on network performance and air quality) is needed to realise a successful implementation of the ITS-measures.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Witteveen+Bos Raadgevende Ingenieurs
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/57084
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