University of Twente Student Theses


Functiemenging in stadswijken en de effecten op automobiliteit

Abeling, Martijn (2006) Functiemenging in stadswijken en de effecten op automobiliteit.

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Abstract:Background for the choice of the research subject of this final thesis can be found in the Compact City idea often used in land-use policies. This idea consists for an important part of the aspects (i) density and (ii) mixed land-use. There is an ongoing discussion about the effects of both aspects as well as the entire concept of the Compact City. It is decided to focus on mixed land-use only as the central theme of this research for the following reasons: (i) mixed land-use is an recurrent subject in land-use policies, (ii) mixed land-use is important for local governments, (iii) empirical research on this subject is not common. If an area is suitable for a specified functionality this area will be designed to support execution of a the activity which matches this functionality. Examples of those functionalities re ‘living’, ‘working’, ‘shopping’ or ‘education’. Density is defined as to what extent a functionality can be performed at a specified area. Policies in general describe mixed land-use as the possibility to perform multiple activities in an area with the size of a conurbation, district or neighborhood. For this research mixed land-use is defined as: to aim at a balanced proportion of the existence of the functionalities ‘living’, ‘working’, ‘shopping’ and ‘education’ in one single urban district. Thus is chosen for the urban district as the area size of the research object. Research objective is: "To determine weather, based on the Dutch National Household Travel research (MON), there is a provable relation between mixed land-use and mobility, and between car mobility in particular on the level of urban districts."The report describes that mixed land-use reduces the distance between functionalities and thus reduces the need to make trips with long distances (for example outside the district). If the need for longer distance trips reduces alternatives for car use are sooner to be chosen. Thus mixed land-use can influence mode choice. In particular the slow (non motorized) transport modes like walking and cycling are suitable for trips within the own district and besides those transport modes are more sustainable as well. A reduction in car mobility due to mixed land-use might have a (minor) contribution on the broadly defined concept of Sustainable Development.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Witteveen + Bos
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
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