Multiculturalism and successful integration - A capable system or contradiction? A situation analysis of migrants in Germany and France

Schwirner, Sabine (2006) Multiculturalism and successful integration - A capable system or contradiction? A situation analysis of migrants in Germany and France.

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Abstract:Now over one year has passed since the murder of Theo van Gogh, the director of a critical film on Islam, by a radical Islamist in 2004 in the Netherlands. Since then a discussion has been arisen about the integration of ethnic minorities in different European countries. Especially in Germany many politicians, journalists and other intellectuals started making up their mind whether the countries` integration policy has failed. Looking at official statistics it becomes clear that especially in the field of education and employment migrants are disadvantaged to their German fellow citizens. It is more likely that they leave school earlier and that the unemployment rate within this group is higher. (compare www.eurostat.com;24.11.2005) Also in France this discussion has become relevant since two 15 and 17 year old boys with migrant background had died when they flew from the police in the end of October 2005. This was the start of nightly occurring fights between extremist youth, living in Clichy-sous-Bois a suburb (Banlieue) of Paris, and the police. The riots lasted for over two weeks mainly in districts with a high percentage of inhabitants with migrant backgrounds but also extended to places all over France.(Hahn,D. die Tageszeitung;11.11.2005) It was assumed that they wanted to gain attendance by public for their disadvantaged situation in terms of living conditions, education and the labour market.(compare www.tagesschau.de 12.11.2005) Angela Merkel the German Chancellor is of the opinion that idea of a multicultural society has failed (iz3w;2005.p.2) therefore the questions arises: Is the idea of multiculturalism still valid for a future coping strategy? Or do we even have to blame multiculturalism for the existing problems? Proceeding from these questions I will compare the situation of people with a migrant background living in Germany and France in the following work.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:71 sociology
Programme:European Studies BSc (56627)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/57838
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