University of Twente Student Theses


Simulating a pay lane within a traffic network using a choice model based on travel time variability

Graaff, H. (2008) Simulating a pay lane within a traffic network using a choice model based on travel time variability.

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Abstract:The road network in the Netherlands will become more and more congested the upcoming years. Although policy is developed and executed to meet the expected congestion problems, it is expected that the accessibility of some important economic regions in the Netherlands will worsen. The introduction of pay lanes could be a measure to guarantee this accessibility for a share of the road users. Pay lanes are separate lanes at highways that can only be used by road users that pay a certain toll for it. Pay lanes offer road users an extra service, because at pay lanes a low travel time is guaranteed. Road users are free to choose to use the (congested) free lanes or use the pay lane after paying for a guaranteed low travel time. In the United States several pay lanes have been constructed. Evaluation reports about these pay lanes are very positive. As a consequence of the pay lanes the travel times at the free lanes is improved and road users from all income classes use the pay lanes. The willingness to pay for a pay lane is caused by both the reduction of travel time and the reduction of travel time variability. A reduced travel time variability gives road users a better indication of their arrival time, what seems to be very valuable for road users that have a great need to arrive on time. To be able to estimate the potential effectivity of pay lanes in the Netherlands, an estimation has to be made about the valuation of this travel time variability by Dutch road users. Because no pay lane situations are available in the Netherlands, these estimations need to be made with a traffic model in which also the travel time variability has to be incorporated. Therefore the following research objective is formulated: The objective of this research is to develop a travel time variability based choice model and using this model to simulate two concrete pay lane situations in the Netherlands to get an indication of their effectiveness
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Goudappel Coffeng: adviseurs verkeer en vervoer
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
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