Fruit eten: een gezonde gewoonte. 'De relatie tussen sociaal-economische status en sociale cognities en gewoonte ten aanzien van fruitconsumptie.

Boone, Marit (2007) Fruit eten: een gezonde gewoonte. 'De relatie tussen sociaal-economische status en sociale cognities en gewoonte ten aanzien van fruitconsumptie.

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Abstract:This research study covers the relation between social-economic status, made operational as neighbourhood, education and income, and social cognitions en habit about fruit consumption. The expression SES as neighbourhood was determined with data of the mean gross income (MGI). The neighbourhoods with the lowest MGI belonged to de low SES neighbourhoods. Besides, the respondents were divided as groups with a lower and a higher education and there was also a division between lower and higher incomes. The research was executed with a questionnaire, which was conducted among respondents from five different neighbourhoods in Enschede. The questionnaire existed of questions about the social cognitions according to the Theory of Planned Behaviour, pro’s en cons, self efficacy and habit. The actual fruit consumption was measured, according to an existing questionnaire (Assema et al, 2002), in three ways, the computed amount of grams fruit a day, the computed pieces of fruit a day and the claimed amount of pieces of fruit a day. 200 Respondents participated in this research study (62 percent response). 99 Respondents lived in low SES neighbourhoods, this group consisted of 27 men and 71 women. The mean age of respondents was 43 years. 101 Of the respondents lived in high SES neighbourhoods, this group consisted of 101 respondents with 37 men and 63 women. The mean age was 49 years. No significant differences were found for the relation between the neighbourhood and the following social cognitions: pro’s and cons, subjective norm, self efficacy, perceived behavioural control and habit. However, attitude and intention were significantly higher in the low SES neighbourhoods. Only the subjective norm was significantly lower at the respondents with a high income. Furthermore income has no correlation with social cognitions and habit. At the social cognitions and habit about fruit consumption, there was no significant difference between respondents with a high and a low education. There was a significant difference between the high and low SES neighbourhoods in fruit consumption. At the claimed fruit consumption, the score in the lower SES neighbourhoods was higher. About the computed total grams fruit per day, respondents with a higher income did consume more fruit. There is no significant difference perceived between the low and high educations and the fruit consumption. There was no correlation between education and fruit intake. The expectation about the intention to eat fruit and the actual fruit consumption would be decided by the social cognitions of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, pro’s and cons, self efficacy and habit. From the linear regression analysis it becomes clear that especially habit influences fruit consumption and that the claimed amount of fruit has the highest influence
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/58757
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