Kan mindfulness een chronisch zieke daadwerkelijk helpen? : een review naar de werkzaamheid van mindfulness onder chronisch zieken

Gerrits, C.H. (2008) Kan mindfulness een chronisch zieke daadwerkelijk helpen? : een review naar de werkzaamheid van mindfulness onder chronisch zieken.

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Abstract:Mindfulness-based stress reduction program (MBSR) is a structured group program that employes mindfulness meditation to alleviate suffering associated with physical of psychological disorders. The program is based upon a procedure to develop enhanced awareness of experiences, thoughts, emotions and sensations. Research reports seem to support many of these claims. In the last few years some reviews are publised in which a meta-analysis is performed of studies related to MBSR. We performed a comprehensive review of published studies of health-related studies related to MBSR. Our focus was specifically upon chronic illnesses. We didn’t perform a meta-analysis. Method: Fifty-one studies were found, but only fifteen reports met the inclusioncriteria. Reports were included when mindfulness was a central component, and the target group were people with a chronic illness. These persons had to be randomised to treatment or controlgroup. Then the articles had to be written in English or Dutch. Acceptable studies covered a wide spectrum of chronic illnesses (cancer, coronary heart diseases, fibromyalgia etc). Every study was critised with an instrument made by Öst (2008). Effectsizes were calculated and compared with Cohen’s Kappa (1988). Results: A total of 31 outcomemeasures were calculated. Twenty-four outcomemeasures showed effectsizes under 0.50. Seven outcomemeasures showed effectsizes between 0.50 and 0.80 and last but not least six outcomemeasures showed effectsizes above 0.80. Overall, all studies showed reasonable effectsizes. Patients with chronic fatigue syndrom showed a negative effectsize. To make this assumption hard, further investigation has to be carried out. Conclusion: Results suggest that MBSR may help a broad range of people with chronic illnesses to enhance their physical and psychological health.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/58774
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