Sociaal-cognitieve determinanten bij ecstasy gebruikonder jongeren : een dance subcultuur

Haagsma, M. (2008) Sociaal-cognitieve determinanten bij ecstasy gebruikonder jongeren : een dance subcultuur.

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Abstract:The aim of this study was to explore demografic data and cognitive determinants to give an explanation for ecstasy use among young adults. In total 105 respondents participated in this study by filling in a questionnaire, which examined demografic, general data and cognitive determinants. Among those respondents were 58 that did use ecstasy and 47 that did not. Significant differences in gender and educational level were found for both groups; the group that claimed to have ever used drugs, consisted mainly of male highschool students. Furthermore the scores on all cognitive determinants seemed to differ significantly between non-users and users. All cognitive determinants appeared to have a significant relation with ecstasy use. Attitude and refusal self-efficacy gave the best explanation for intention to ecstasy use. A higher score on attitude and a lower score on refusal self-efficacy predicted a stronger intention to ecstasy use. As predicted, outcome expectations also had an explanating value. If one would either expect less negative consequences or exspect higher positive consequences for ecstacy use, then that would result in a higher intention to use ecstacy. Sensation seeking seemed to play part by initiation of use. Perceived bahavioral control and descriptive norms also seemed to influence ecstasy use. This study demonstrates that people that had used ecstasy had an high appreciation of dancemusic and visit dance events more often. This implicates that ecstasy is a drug which fits within the dance subculture
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/58783
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