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The occurrence of medication errors and the occurrence of risk factors for medication errors in state hospitals in Ghana: Patients' safety improvement in focus

Kwame, Aviane (2009) The occurrence of medication errors and the occurrence of risk factors for medication errors in state hospitals in Ghana: Patients' safety improvement in focus.

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Abstract:Patient safety is very paramount in the provision of quality care. The patient, who is to be cured or cared for is to be at the centre of the care process without which the objective of care will not be achieved. As care givers attempt curing the sick, they inadvertently make mistakes that either worsen the situation of the patient or result in death. These errors are inevitable but with acknowledgement of the possibility of the incidence of errors in the care process, it could be reduced to the barest minimum. Patients expect more than just diagnosis and prescription. They need information about their health status, participation in the process of care, assurance for their safety, transparency in the treatment procedure, anticipation of the outcome of the treatment and cooperation in all the stages of care. This study involved three state own general hospitals in Ghana, aimed at finding out the occurrence of medication errors and the occurrence of risk factors for medication errors in the hospitals. The instruments used were; (1) The trigger tool developed for the purposes of reviewing the records of patients with the aim of finding out the occurrence rate of the errors and (2) Questionnaires for doctors, nurses, pharmacists and patients to find out the risk factors for medication errors. A population of 160 with age range of 18-45 and hospital stay of not less than one week was selected for the review, out of which 28 errors representing 17.5% of the total population.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:44 medicine
Programme:Health Sciences MSc (66851)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59136
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