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Road infrastructure planning using spatial tools from a perspective of poverty reduction

Vosselman, J.J. (2009) Road infrastructure planning using spatial tools from a perspective of poverty reduction.

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Abstract:Road infrastructure planning is often believed to contribute to poverty reduction and many development bank and NGO’s invest time and money in these projects. However, few of those projects were subject of impact evaluations. Besides, feasibility studies are often based on financial criteria rather than economic, social or ecologic criteria (Van de Walle, 2009). Keshkamat (Keshkamat, 2007) developed a method in which Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation or SMCE can be used for route generation and selection. This has proven to be a successful method for the spatial planning of corridors that includes different stakeholder views and is capable of including economic, social and ecologic as well as technical criteria. The question therefore rises whether or not social criteria (especially poverty reduction as stated in the Millennium Development Goals) can be a useful addition to the SMCE method. The research will be supported by a showcase of the Asian Highway Network. This international highway network will connect Asian countries. Focus will be on a stretch of road in Mongolia known as the Millennium Road or AH 32, which will run from the capital of Ulaanbaatar to Khovd in the western end of the country. The main objective of the research is: To analyse the potential of geospatial technologies and SMCE in the planning of highways as a means of contributing to MDG-1 (poverty reduction)
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:56 civil engineering
Programme:Civil Engineering and Management MSc (60026)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59411
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