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Middelenproblematiek bij mensen met een verstandelijke beperking : een inventarisatie in Nederland

Krooshof, T. (2009) Middelenproblematiek bij mensen met een verstandelijke beperking : een inventarisatie in Nederland.

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Abstract:In this study alcohol and other drugs related problems in mentally handicapped persons (IQ 70-85) and mild intellectual retarded persons (IQ 50-70) living inside institutions located in the Netherlands is examined. The goal of this study is to get a proper view of the incidence of alcohol and drugs consumption and alcohol and drugs related problems, the characteristics of persons with these problems and the way institutions deal with them. Methods: In the Netherlands questionnaires were send to 153 institutions united to the VGN (Vereniging Gehandicaptenzorg Nederland). Results: Information is received from about a quarter of these institutions. The examined population appears to use less alcohol and experienced fewer problems from alcohol compared to the Dutch population. The use and problems related to the use of soft- and harddrugs on the other hand appears to be higher. Most persons with alcohol and drugs related problems (n=102) are found to be male (87%), aged between 21 and 30 years (38,2%) and lived outside the terrain of the institution in an apartment. Psychiatric problems (47%) and medication use (47%) are frequently occurring problems. In the examined group alcohol was the most used substance. The use was higher in the group with mild intellectual retarded persons compared to the group with mentally handicapped persons (87 vs 56%). The use of softdrugs is similar for both groups. The use of harddrugs on the other hand is higher in the group of mentally handicapped persons (22%) compared to the group of mild intellectual retarded persons (6%). The institutions used different interventions for the treatment and supervision of persons with substance used problems. According to this study monitoring of behaviour and making arrangements around aproved behaviour seems to be the best working intervention. Co-operation between addiction treatment services and services for mentally disabled persons seems to be necessary to develop interventions better aimed at the examined population. Conclusions: This study has an explorative character. Interesting and relevant results were the outcomes. To gain a proper view of the situation in the Netherlands, for better comparing collected data and for making recommendations about interventions, further studies are needed.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59452
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