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De relatie tussen copingstijlen en de mate van zelfeffectiviteit bij mensen met een reumatische aandoening

Duijvendijk, M. (2009) De relatie tussen copingstijlen en de mate van zelfeffectiviteit bij mensen met een reumatische aandoening.

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Abstract:The purpose of this study was to clarify how the aspects of pain, self-efficacy and coping styles are related to people with rheumatic disease. The study suggested two hypotheses. Hypothesis 1: Patients with rheumatic disease who have an active coping style, will have a higher self-efficacy. Hypothesis 2: Patients with a rheumatic disease who have a passive coping style, will have a lower self-efficacy. The degree of pain was taken into account. This study, where 69 rheumatic patients participated, was performed in the rheumatology clinic of the Medisch Spectrum Twente (MST) hospital. By using the Utrechtse Coping Lijst (UCL), we examined which coping styles the patients hade. This list measures coping styles when confronted with problems of adaptation-requiring events. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used to measured how much pain the patients had experienced in the last week. The Pain Self Efficacy (ZEP) questionnaire measured whether the patients experienced a high or low self-efficacy. Analyses were performed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). These analyses showed that the coping styles 'avoidance', 'passive reaction pattern' and 'reassuring thoughts' positively correlated with the degree of pain. It is not clear whether these coping styles lead to more pain, or that more pain leads to the use of these coping styles. The correlation between the degree of pain and ZEP was found significant with a correlation coefficient of -0.38 and a significance level of 0.01 (2-sided). Again, the causal direction cannot be determined. The correlations between the UCL and the ZEP-scales were not significant. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the degree of pain of the respondents was related to the self efficacy of the patient. This was not the same for coping styles, they were not significant related to the self efficacy of the patient. The correlations and regression analyses showed that there was no connection for these respondents between having certain coping styles and their level of self efficacy. However, there appears to be a correlation between the degree of pain of the respondents and the level of their self efficacy.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59466
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