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Risicogedrag bij Jongeren – Het meten van gedragsontwikkeling, persoonlijkheidskenmerken en cognities met betrekking tot middelengebruik

Szotek, N. (2009) Risicogedrag bij Jongeren – Het meten van gedragsontwikkeling, persoonlijkheidskenmerken en cognities met betrekking tot middelengebruik.

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Abstract:Despite a comparatively small percentage of problem drug users in the Netherlands, particularly the prevalence of young drug consumers between the age of 16 and 25 years has been alarming: more than 7.600 teenagers under the age of 25 made demand on support associated with drug use in 2007. That was an increase of 25% toward 2006. Thereof almost 2.300 weren’t nearly 20 years old. Although, on average, there were less incidents of drug using teenagers in 2008 than for instance in 2003, but there was just as little a decline to observe. Hence, the prevalence of young drug consumers still remains at about 40%. This study is a follow-up of another study, started in May 2008. This study aims at the ability of estimating the current smoke-, drink-, weed- and drug consumption in the district Enschede/Hengelo and the development of such risk behaviors as well as at the ability of defining important risk factors which influence the choice for or against drugs. It is expected that the constellation of the personality and cognition as moral norm, subjective peer norm, self-esteem, social pressure and perceptual control are part of the decision-making process. A composed questionnaire, which measures personality, endangering and cognition referring to risk behaviors, which are inter alia of the Theory of Planned Behavior, is getting to approve teenagers between the age of 16 and 25, who already participated in the study one year ago. The data of both measures are linked and further analyzed. The personality scale referring to risk behavior appears inconsistent from pre- to post-test. Particularly the moral norm and the peer norm of the measured cognition are of important weight for risk behavior. In opposition to the Theory of Planned Behavior, the perceptual control seems to have no relation to risk behavior, just as well as the prototype/willingness model. Conclusion and Discussion. Against the literature, only few relations between personality, cognition and risk behavior were verified. Evidence suggests that this disaccord can be caused by the tremendous non-response of about 95% in the post-test. Recommendations for follow-up studies are given.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59663
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