The use of route and survey perspective in wayfinding direction given on small and large scale maps in a Dutch population

Jung, Merel (2010) The use of route and survey perspective in wayfinding direction given on small and large scale maps in a Dutch population.

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Abstract:The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the use of two different perspectives in giving wayfinding directions in a Dutch population. Participants had to provide directions from starting locations to destinations for a fictional recipient driving through an environment (route perspective) or looking at a map of the environment (survey perspective). When giving navigational instructions in a route perspective left/right directions are used and landmarks along the road are mentioned. Navigational instructions given in a survey perspective are associated with the use of cardinal terms. The main focus of the study was to examine the differences in navigation instructions given in a small scale environment (a map of a town) and a large scale environment (a map of a country). The hypothesis was that Dutch people, who made minimal use of cardinal terms in a small scale environment (see Bangel, 2009), would use cardinal terms when giving navigational instructions in a large scale environment. This hypothesis was not confirmed by the data of the experiment. Dutch people showed a clear preference for the use of left/right directions in both perspectives in both the small and the large scale environment, while cardinal terms where used scarcely. This indicates a preference for a relative (viewpoint dependent) frame of reference when giving navigation instructions unregarded of the scale size of the environment.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59878
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