University of Twente Student Theses

Login

Determinanten van binge drinking : de rol van impliciete cognities bij alcoholgebruik en -misbruik bij jongeren

Middelkoop, Susan (2010) Determinanten van binge drinking : de rol van impliciete cognities bij alcoholgebruik en -misbruik bij jongeren.

[img] PDF
2MB
Abstract:Underage drinking is a current problem in the Netherlands. Excessive drinking can have serious health consequences. After numerous research on alcohol use and –abuse it appears that this can best be explained by (a combination of) different factors. Because the role of implicit cognitions on alcohol use and abuse has not been thoroughly researched, this research sets out to research what role implicit cognitions play in alcohol use and abuse. Simultaneously the possible role that personality and explicit cognitions play in alcohol use and abuse is researched. Furthermore the relation between explicit- and implicit cognitions and the relation between personality and implicit cognitions will be checked. 86 subjects between 16 and 22 years of age filled out a survey online. This survey consists of 4 questionnaires which measure personality, explicit- and implicit cognitions. 4 different personality traits are also measured: sensation seeking, impulsivity, hopelessness and anxiety sensitivity. The constructs prototype, similarity and willingness of the Prototype Willingness Model and an added construct descriptive norm measure the subjects‟ explicit cognitions with respect to alcohol. A sentence completion test is used to measure a subjects implicit cognitions with respect to alcohol. Lastly a questionnaire measures how much risky behavior with respect to alcohol subjects display. By means of a (pearson) correlation analysis the correlation between the different constructs and the risky behavior are calculated. Subsequently a hierarchical linear regression analysis is used to investigate the role of the different constructs and the risky behavior. This research demonstrates that both implicit cognitions and explicit cognitions have a reasonably strong relation with alcohol use and abuse, whereas of the 4 personality traits measured solely impulsivity had a correlation between alcohol use and abuse. This correlation was only marginal. Of all correlations, the correlation between the score on the sentence completion test and the score on the risky behavior and the correlation between willingness and the score on the risky behavior were the largest. The hierarchical linear regression analysis shows the effect of impulsivity on the risky behavior is mediated by the implicit cognitions. The effect of the implicit cognitions on the risky behavior is mediated by willingness. These results show that implicit cognitions and explicit cognitions together contribute to risky alcohol use.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60073
Export this item as:BibTeX
EndNote
HTML Citation
Reference Manager

 

Repository Staff Only: item control page