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Impliciete overtuigingsmechanismen, risicowaarneming en veiligheidsattributie onder parachutespringers en klimsporters : cross-sectioneel onderzoek naar de relatie tussen locus of control, self-efficacy en risicoattitudes op het terrein van risicosport en de daarmee verbonden ervaring van concrete veiligheidsfactoren.

Middendorf, Lars (2010) Impliciete overtuigingsmechanismen, risicowaarneming en veiligheidsattributie onder parachutespringers en klimsporters : cross-sectioneel onderzoek naar de relatie tussen locus of control, self-efficacy en risicoattitudes op het terrein van risicosport en de daarmee verbonden ervaring van concrete veiligheidsfactoren.

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Abstract:Gaining insight into safety-attribution and risk perception amongst skydivers and sport climbers was the main aim of this bachelorthesis. Another aim involved the question “Do these high-risk sport participants tend to attribute their safety during jumping and climbing to internal or external factors. Additionnaly, the concrete contents of those safety-factors have been explored. The implicit belief-mechanisms locus of control and self-efficacy were used to solve the problem of question. Self-efficacy has mostly been described as the belief, that one is capable of performing in a certain manner, in order to accomplish certain goals. Locus of control instead, is related to the extent to which one believes that he or she can control certain events that affect him. A survey was used for getting information over sport participants’ risk perception, their extent of locus of control and self-efficacy. It was found, that skydivers and sport climbers had moderate levels of locus of control and self-efficacy. They showed a higher interest in physical risks, rather than psychological risks. However, their overall risk attitudes were normal. Parachutists showed slightly higher levels of risk affinity, than climbers. No meaningful correlation between risk attitudes, locus of control and self-efficacy were found. Training and objective personal appraisals were identified as most important internal safety factors. For the participants, equipment seemed to be the most crucial external factor, to guarantee safety during jumping and climbing. It has been concluded, that these skydivers and sport climbers were not willed to search for risky situations in order to experience pleasure. Overall, they showed a relatively neutral perception of risks.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60074
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