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"Riskant alcoholgebruik", expliciet of impliciet? Een onderzoek naar de rol van impliciete cognities of riskant alcoholgebruik onder Nederlandse jongeren

Schoppink, Linda (2010) "Riskant alcoholgebruik", expliciet of impliciet? Een onderzoek naar de rol van impliciete cognities of riskant alcoholgebruik onder Nederlandse jongeren.

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Abstract:Not many studies have explored the relationship between implicit cognitions and alcohol intake, or between implicit cognitions and risky alcohol intake. Therefore, this study tried to answer the following three research questions: (1) Is there a relationship between implicit cognitions and risky alcohol intake among adolescents? If so, how strong is this relationship? (2) Is there a relationship between explicit cognitions and risky alcohol intake among adolescents, as well as between personality and risky alcohol intake among adolescents? If so, how strong is this relationship? (3) Is there a relationship between implicit and explicit cognitions, and is there a relationship between these cognitions and personality? If so, how strong is this relationship? The Theory of Planned Behavior is used in this research. A total of 86 subjects participated in this study, and they all were between 16 and 22 years of age. Every participant had to fill in a questionnaire which measured the implicit and explicit cognitions. The sentence completion test measured the implicit cognitions and the explicit cognitions were measured with the substance use risk profile scale and the questionnaire alcohol behaviour. A correlation analysis and a hierarchic regression analysis was done to be able to answer the three research questions. Due to the results the following answers can be given at the research questions: (1) Implicit cognitions have a strong significant relationship with risky alcohol intake. Also, implicit cognitions have a strong contribution to the existence of risky alcohol intake. (2) Explicit cognitions have a strong significant relationship with risky alcohol intake, from which attitude and self-efficacy have a strong contribution to the existence of risky alcohol intake. There was no significant relationship found between personality and risky alcohol intake. Impulsivity only has a contribution to the existence of risky alcohol intake, if it were the only construct in the model. (3) There is a strong significant relationship between implicit and explicit cognitions, but not between implicit cognitions and personality. There is one significant relationship between explicit cognitions and the four personality traits, namely between self-efficacy and introversion/hopelessness. These results also show that, based on this research, the Theory of Planned Behavior, or at least part of this model, can predict risky alcohol intake. And these results also show that implicit cognitions, attitude and self-efficacy have a strong contribution to the existence of risky alcohol intake, at least in this research.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60113
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