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Determinants of sexual behavior in the Dominican Republic: the explanatory quality of the theory of planned behavior and the prototype willingmess model

Seidel, Kerstin (2010) Determinants of sexual behavior in the Dominican Republic: the explanatory quality of the theory of planned behavior and the prototype willingmess model.

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Abstract:Background. The estimated HIV/ AIDS prevalence in the Dominican Republic is 3.2% of the population between 15-49 years; with unprotected heterosexual intercourse identified as primary mode of transmission. Many Dominicans are sexually active at an early age, have multiple partners and do not use condoms consistent. Gender inequalities put young girls and women at increased risk for HIV infection. Research. This cross-sectional study examines the explanatory quality of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the Prototype Willingness Model (PWM) concerning intention to use condoms, willingness to have protected sex, willingness to have unprotected sex and actual consistency condom use (separated based on gender). The relation of these constructs to stigmatization is examined. Method. A survey is conducted in the Dominican Republic using a multi-item questionnaire. In total data of 90 participants are analyzed (M=23.8 years; male=52, female=38). Conclusion. The TPB represents better explanatory quality concerning consistent condom use than the PWM, while the unsafe sex constructs still display more added value than the safe sex constructs. Stigmatization appears to be an important psychosocial cultural variable. Theoretical implications are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60114
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