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The 'external dimension' of the EU's immigration policy and Morocco's capacity to mange migration: a case study

Kirchner, Anika (2010) The 'external dimension' of the EU's immigration policy and Morocco's capacity to mange migration: a case study.

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Abstract:Given the ever-increasing migratory pressure on its external borders and the shortcomings of traditional migration control policies in the past, the European Union has created an ‘external dimension’ of immigration policy (EDIP). That is, it has integrated migration goals into its external policy of freedom, security and justice (FSJ). The core element the EDIP consists of partnership with third countries which are grouped in countries of origin and transit. Those countries do not receive the prospect of EU membership but are offered a stake in its Internal Market and further economic integration instead. The EDIP as a mode of external governance serves one main purpose: The projection of values underpinning the area of FSJ on third countries in order to safeguard the EU’s internal security. Within the EDIP, the EU has a broad range of policy instruments at its disposal enabling it to tailor its external cooperation to the situation of each country. In promoting its EDIP, the EU favours regional cooperation frameworks whereat Morocco pertains to the Southern Mediterranean region. Its geographic proximity, its status as a major sending- and transit country and its positive disposition towards the EU make Morocco a potential candidate for close cooperation. The main research question this paper attempts to answer is to what extent the policy instruments within the EDIP stimulate Morocco’s capacity to manage migration. The concept of capacity is analyzed by means of an analytical framework consisting of three measures and respective indicators as well as three dimensions. While the potential to stimulate Morocco’s capacity varies for each policy instrument its overall potential generally big.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:European Studies BSc (56627)
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