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EU gender equality principles in EU accession: a case study of the current EU candidate countries Turkey and Croatia

Werner, Sandra (2010) EU gender equality principles in EU accession: a case study of the current EU candidate countries Turkey and Croatia.

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Abstract:Gender Equality has become a major concern within the European Union. Especially gender equality in the sphere of employment can be considered as an obligatory principle which is deeply integrated into the Community´s legal policy framework. Since the principle of gender equality in employment is legally binding for the Member States, it is also obligatory for all countries which are seeking for EU accession. Therefore, it is interesting to see how well EU candidate countries adopt these principles on national grounds. This study aims to examine to what extent the current EU candidate countries, Turkey and Croatia, managed to incorporate the gender equality requirements in employment, as outlined by EU Directive 2002/73/EC, into their policy and institutional framework. Moreover, a special emphasis is paid upon analyzing whether or not the conditional incentive of obtaining full EU membership can be regarded as being the driving force for compliance in both countries, thereby overruling other explanatory factors. The findings of the study indicate that overall compliance with gender equality principles in employment between 2003 until today, as required by the 2002 EU Directive, has been good in Croatia. Turkey on the other side suffers under several provisional shortcomings and transposition failures. Furthermore, the findings indicate that overall compliance in both countries can be explained through an interaction between the pressure introduced by the principle of EU conditionality and other explanatory factors that determine their willingness to comply.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:European Studies BSc (56627)
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