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HIV/Aids-preventie in Zuid-Korea: Een onderzoek naar de rol van HIV/Aids-gerelateerde stigmatisering en cognitieve determinanten ten aanzien van intentie tot condoomgebruik

Linthorst, Ji Sook Maureen Lee (2010) HIV/Aids-preventie in Zuid-Korea: Een onderzoek naar de rol van HIV/Aids-gerelateerde stigmatisering en cognitieve determinanten ten aanzien van intentie tot condoomgebruik.

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Abstract:The subject of this study is (South-) Korea, an Asian nation with a traditional and conservative culture influenced by Confucianism, which has rapidly changed due to economic growth. The associated modernization and intensive changes have led to an increase in premarital, unsafe sex, as a result of which the HIV/Aids-epidemic has risen steeply in the recent years without general acknowledgement of the causes that may be rooted in cultural values. The research model contained intended condom use as dependent variable. Cognitive variables, HIV/Aids-related stigmatization, inaccurate beliefs about HIV/Aids and knowledge of HIV/Aids-transmission were used as independent variables. The study has been extended by research of a) the mutual relationship between HIV/Aids-related stigmatization, inaccurate beliefs and knowledge about HIV/Aids and b) the consequences of these variables with respect to perceived risk perception. Participants (aged 19-27) were recruited from a university in Korea and completed a questionnaire containing 7 parts: 1) Descriptive background, 2) Sexual behavior and condom use, 3) HIV/Aids-related stigma scale, 4) Inaccurate beliefs about scale, 5) Knowledge facts about HIV/Aids scale, 6) Variables derived from the Protection Motivation Theory, 7) Variables derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior. An affective aspect was added to the research model by affective attitude. Descriptive norms were added to the social environment. Results indicated that Korean men and women have performed unsafe sex by low means of previous and intended condom use. High levels of HIV/Aids-related stigmatization were manifested among Korean men and women. HIV/Aids-related stigmatization as contextual variable was not related to intended condom use. Korean men and women have high levels of knowledge about HIV/Aids facts and a reasonably high extent of inaccurate beliefs. Sex related knowledge of HIV/Aids transmission (kissing, condoms) were not indicated as generally known. Inaccurate beliefs and knowledge of HIV/Aids facts were not related to intended condom use; however, inaccurate beliefs were significant positively related to intended condom use for women. Protection Motivation Theory variables were not valuable in explaining intended condom use in Korea; so far the Theory of Planned Behavior variables seemed adequate in determining intended condom use. Condom attitude, condom affective attitude and the social environment were significant related tot intended condom use for men and women. Condom affective attitude and descriptive norms significantly predicted intended condom use for men.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
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