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Binge drinking and the impulsive pathway in a cultural context ; Does a relationship exist between cultural context, impulsive pathway and binge drinking ?

Müller, Alicia (2011) Binge drinking and the impulsive pathway in a cultural context ; Does a relationship exist between cultural context, impulsive pathway and binge drinking ?

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Abstract:Alcohol consume is a widespread problem especially for adolescents which engage often in the unhealthy binge drinking behavior. The aim of this study is to show through which factors binge drinking is influenced and to examine the relationship of these factors among each other. These questions are guided by the Twente Model of Binge Drinking, which unites very different aspect to explain binge drinking. Among these factors are personality, information processing and cultural context. This study focuses on the cultural context and the impulsive pathway of information processing, because adolescents seem to remain more on the impulsive pathway and culture is a important background variable which may also have influence on the information processing itself. So the research question is : Which relationship exist between cultural context, impulsive pathway and binge drinking? The variable cultural context is build up out parenting and organized leisure activities. Parenting takes a look on the relationship of the adolescent with its parents in terms of parental respect, alcohol-specific rules, communication and parental monitoring. The impulsive pathway consist of the variables willingness, prototype favorability and prototype similarity Participants (N=210) had to fill in an online survey to asses their binge drinking, leisure activities, willingness, prototype favorability/similarity and the way their parents behave towards them by the topic alcohol. The data shows that cultural variables have partly influence on binge drinking. Among the parenting variable only parental rules has influence on binge drinking. The expectation that organized activities lead to less binge drinking could not be proven clearly. The relationship between cultural context and impulsive pathway could be proven and thus speaks for the mediation. This mediation exist partial for the cultural variable parental rules and “social-entertainment”, which belongs to the unstructured leisure activities. Further research is needed to prove the findings and examine new relations that are indicated by the current data.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60936
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