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Persoonlijkheid en binge-drinking: onderzoek naar de relatie van persoonlijkheid, expliciete gedragsfactoren en binge-drinking

Dorleijn, C.J. (2011) Persoonlijkheid en binge-drinking: onderzoek naar de relatie van persoonlijkheid, expliciete gedragsfactoren en binge-drinking.

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Abstract:This research mapped the personality characteristics of young people related to binge drinking. Sequentially, research was conducted on by how much these characteristics were mediated by the conscious thinking processes. The Twente model of binge drinking (Boer, Goosensen & Pieterse, 2010) was used as a base for this research. In order to facilitate the research, an enquiry was made among young people in the age from 15 to 21 years old. The following personality characteristics were measured; sensation seeking, impulsiveness, anxiety sensitivity and helplessness. In order to represent the conscious processes the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991) was used, consisting of the following constructs: self efficacy, attitude, subjective norm, descriptive norm and intention. Two definitions of binge drinking were used; an objective and a subjective one. In the objective definition, binge drinking refers to the consumption of 6 or more glasses of alcohol during one event. The subjective measure is defined as the number of times they exceed their predetermined portion. Both of the constructs were significant. A correlation-, regression- and a mediation-analysis as well as a Sobel test were conducted on the data. The results showed that the personality characteristics; impulsiveness and sensation seeking, enlarge the chance of binge drinking. The other two personality characteristics that were tested; helplessness and anxiety sensitivity, reduced the chance of binge drinking in the objective definition. For the subjective definition the results were not significant. Conscious processes did not affect binge drinking. The influence of the personality on binge drinking was also not mediated by conscious cognitive processes.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60944
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