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Diabetes-related self-efficacy in pediatric patients with diabetes type 1 and its relationship with health-related quality of life

Winter, Carola (2011) Diabetes-related self-efficacy in pediatric patients with diabetes type 1 and its relationship with health-related quality of life.

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Abstract:Objective: This study investigated the concept of diabetes-related self-efficacy in pediatric children with diabetes type 1. The focus was based on two main aspects: 1) The examination of the unidimensionality and internal consistency of a newly developed questionnaire called PSESD (Pediatric Self-efficacy Scale Diabetes) for which the measurement properties had not yet been examined and 2) The examination of the association between diabetes-related self-efficacy and different aspects of health-related quality of life. Methods: Data were collected at the pediatric department of the St-Agnes-Hospital, Bocholt, Germany. In total, 59 diabetic patients, aged between 8 to 16, participated in this study. Results: In regard to the unidimensionality, an exploratory factor analysis identified one clear underlying factor which was interpreted as a representation of diabetic management in regard to problematic situations. In regard to the internal consistency, a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.86 was calculated. Moreover, the results showed a positive correlation between diabetes-related self-efficacy and the different dimensions of health-related quality of life. However, only the dimensions of ‘self-esteem’ and ‘friends’ were significantly related to self-efficacy. In a multiple linear regression analysis only the dimension of ‘friends’ remained significantly related to self-efficacy. Conclusions: The PSESD appears to be a promising instrument in regard to the measurement of diabetes-related self-efficacy. The association between diabetesrelated self-efficacy and the dimension of ‘friends’ mirrors the importance of the social integration of the young patients which should be further promoted in future.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60950
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