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Een cross-sectionele studie naar de samenhang tussen mindfulness met tegelijkertijd positief geestelijke gezondheid en psychische klachten - in een steekproef volwassenen met depressieve, angst, en vermoeidheidsklachten

Beernink, Wendy (2011) Een cross-sectionele studie naar de samenhang tussen mindfulness met tegelijkertijd positief geestelijke gezondheid en psychische klachten - in een steekproef volwassenen met depressieve, angst, en vermoeidheidsklachten.

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Abstract:Purpose: The purpose of this study is to see how mindfulness facets are associated with positive mental health and psychological symptoms simultaneously. Background: A significant part of the Dutch population is at risk of developing a mental disorder (de Graaf, ten Have, van Dorsselaer, 2010). In recent years, in addition to reducing symptoms, there is attention to promoting the mental health of people (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Mindfulness is a new movement that helps to reduce psychological symptoms and promote psychological well-being (Bear 2003, Bear, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer & Toney, 2006, Baer, Smith, Lykins, Button, Krietemeyer & Sauer, 2008; Carmody & Bear, 2008). Method: A group adults with anxiety-depressive symptoms and fatigue (n = 376) are included in this study. Most were highly educated (78.7%) and women (69.7%). This explorative study with cross-sectional design examined how mindfulness facets 'observe', 'actaware', 'describe', 'non-react’ and ‘nonjudge' (FFMQ) are associated with positive mental health (subjective, psychological and social wellbeing) (MHC-SF) and psychological symptoms (depressive, anxiety and fatigue (CES-D, HADS-A and CIS) simultaneously. On this behave structural equation modelling is used. Results: When a relationship is set from positive mental health to mental illness, all mindfulness facets, except 'actaware', are significantly positive associated with positive mental health. 'Acaware' and 'nonjudge’ are significantly negative associated with psychological symptoms. Conclusion: The results (n = 369) showed that mindfulness facets associated differently with psychological symptoms and positive mental health. Results show also the mediating role from positive mental health, between mindfulness facets and psychological symptoms. The link between positive mental health and psychological symptoms is strongest when a relationship is established from positive mental health to psychological symptoms. Furthermore, it appears that the facets 'describe' and 'observe' are consistent significant associated with positive mental health, regardless of the relationship between positive mental health and psychological problems. The facets, ‘actaware’ and ‘nonjudge’ are consistent significant associated with psychological problems, regardless of the relationship between positive mental health and psychological problems. These mindfulness facets seem to be fairly robust.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/60999
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