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Exploring possible relationships between motivation and commitment.

Berg, I.F.W. van den (2011) Exploring possible relationships between motivation and commitment.

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Abstract:Background: Employee commitment is a crucial element to increase job performance. An important predictor of this type commitment is motivation, which motivates employees to spend time and energy in the organization. Because of this fact, there is a growing interest in understanding the relationship between motivation and commitment. Despite plenty of research on the subjects of motivation and commitment, linkages between different forms of motivation and different foci of commitment are hardly investigated Aim: Present research aims to explore possible relationships between intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and two forms of commitment: occupational commitment and organizational commitment. These two forms of commitment could be separated within three types of commitment: affective, normative and continuance. Method: An online English questionnaire was used to collect data from 162 respondents. These respondents were university teachers of several departments of one participating university. Results: This research shows that there is negative relation between intrinsic motivation and affective commitment to the organization which is partially mediated by work engagement. With regard to extrinsic motivation and normative commitment to both the organization and occupation, the results are positive, but not significant. The coefficients of the relations between extrinsic motivation and continuance commitment to both the organization and the occupation are consistent with the hypotheses, which predicted a positive result. Conclusion: This research shows the first results on the relation between the several types of motivation and commitment. Although there are positive results with regard to extrinsic motivation and commitment, more research is recommended. This research could focus on the other existing types of motivation and foci of commitment.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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