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Onderzoek naar de samenhang tussen kennis, attitude, refusal self-efficacy, stress, coping en alcohol- en cannabisgebruik bij mensen met een licht verstandelijke handicap.

Oude Weernink, E.M. (2011) Onderzoek naar de samenhang tussen kennis, attitude, refusal self-efficacy, stress, coping en alcohol- en cannabisgebruik bij mensen met een licht verstandelijke handicap.

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Abstract:Few studies have been conducted on substance use among people with intellectual disability (ID), while there is evidence that substance use is increased among people with ID (McGillicuddy, 2006). When people with ID use substances, the risks that go with it seems to be higher than within the general population (Taggart et al., 2006; Sturmey et al., 2003). In this study we examined the influence of several determinants on alcohol- and cannabis use among people with ID. Determinants are risk factors which can be of influence on substance use. The risk factors in this study are knowledge, attitude, refusal self-efficacy and intention, with the additional determinants stress and coping. Stress is a major risk factor for people with ID because of their intellectual disabilities, a limited behavioral repertoire and their problems with information processing (Sovner & Gardner, 1994). Because there are only a few studies on how they deal with stress (Lunsky Bramston, 2006), it is very interesting and important to do more research. It is expected that knowledge of substances affects the attitude toward them and that the attitude and refusal self-efficacy affects the intention to use the substances. The actual behavior (alcohol and cannabis use) is in turn expected to be affected by this intention, but also directly by stress and coping. Finally it is expected that coping is a moderator for the relationship stress and substance use. We used three questionnaires, the SumID questionnaire, the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents and the Lifestress Inventory. From the seven coping styles that the UCL-A examines, there remained four for research, namely the active, avoidant, palliative and passive coping style. The analysis shows the following results. There is a significant relation between knowledge about alcohol and attitude. This significance does however not apply to cannabis. Attitudes and refusal self-efficacy have a significant relation with intention and the relation between intention and behavior (alcohol and cannabis use) is also significant. No significant associations were find between stress and substance use. The results of a correlation analysis also show no significant correlation between coping and substance use. The expectation that coping is a moderator for the relation between stress and substance use, is also not supported by the analysis. There are also no differences in copingstyles when it comes to substance use.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Tactus Verslavingszorg
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61020
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