Predicting binge drinking: personality dimensions and parent-adolescent relationship as determinants of adolescent alcohol use

Christ, C.E. (2011) Predicting binge drinking: personality dimensions and parent-adolescent relationship as determinants of adolescent alcohol use.

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Abstract:Binge drinking is a common phenomenon among Dutch adolescents. Frequent binge drinkers are likely to experience negative social and health consequences. The aim of the present study was to test for the potential moderation effects of parent-adolescent variables on the relation between personality risk factors (i.e. impulsivity, sensation seeking, hopelessness and anxiety sensitivity) and binge drinking. Additionally, it was investigated if cannabis could be explained by determinants of binge drinking and if cannabis use itself could account for binge drinking behavior. Data were obtained from an online survey that was completed by 201 adolescents between 16 and 20 years of age. Respondents were asked to fill in the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale measuring personality risk factors for substance use. The questionnaire further consisted of four different scales measuring parental respect, alcohol-specific rules and control and the quality of alcohol-related communication as parent-adolescent variables and measures of binge drinking and cannabis use. Moderated multiple regression analyses indicated that adolescents whose parents exerted low levels of control on their offspring’s alcohol consumption were more likely to engage in frequent binge drinking when they were low in anxiety sensitivity. Results concerning the role of cannabis use in the context of binge drinking were inconsistent. It was suggested that future research should examine shared risk factors that make cannabis users and binge drinkers part of the same subculture and simultaneously search for factors that distinguish cannabis users from binge drinkers.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61256
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