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The Influence of Family Context, Prototype Willingness Model and Cannabis Use on Binge Drinking Behavior among Adolescents

Kleine, V.E. (2011) The Influence of Family Context, Prototype Willingness Model and Cannabis Use on Binge Drinking Behavior among Adolescents.

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Abstract:Binge drinking among adolescents can lead to serious repercussions such as high blood pressure, impairment in brain functions and unplanned risky sexual behavior. Likewise, cannabis is an increasingly popular drug among teenagers, which can have a devastating effect on mind and body. This study examines the relation between family context and the three variables of the Prototype Willingness Model (that is similarity, prototype favorability and willingness) to binge drinking. Furthermore, a mediation effect of willingness to engage in binge drinking on alcohol-specific rules (family context) and binge drinking is expected. Moreover, the impact of cannabis consumption on binge drinking will be examined. The Twente Model of binge drinking is used as a framework. For this purpose, an online- and paper-survey, interviewing 210 adolescents (16-20 years), was conducted. Results show that high parental rules on alcohol consumption can significantly decrease binge drinking. Additionally, parental respect has an impact on binge drinking. However, when both variables are examined together, only alcohol-specific rules seem to be significant. Mediation analysis reveals that willingness to engage in binge drinking does not influence the relation between alcohol-specific rules on binge drinking. This means that rules on the use of alcohol are a good method to prevent adolescents’ binge drinking behavior. Furthermore, two variables of the Prototype Willingness Model are connected with binge drinking: prototype similarity and willingness. Cannabis consumption was also associated with binge drinking behavior. Further research is required to confirm these findings.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61344
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