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Zelfredzaamheid bij onbeheersbare natuurbranden: “Een onderzoek naar de determinanten van zelfredzaamheid"

Bakker, Marije (2012) Zelfredzaamheid bij onbeheersbare natuurbranden: “Een onderzoek naar de determinanten van zelfredzaamheid".

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Abstract:The risk of an uncontrollable wildfire poses a serious threat to the Dutch citizens. Climate change enhance the chance of an uncontrollable wildfire. A large-scale, organized evacuation seems impossible by experts, because the relatively short time available to evacuate. So it is important for the persons present in the area that they know what they have to do, when a wildfire breaks out. This study aimed to investigate how holiday-makers can increase their self-reliance, in the case of an uncontrollable wildfire. The study was a 2 (type message: written vs spoken) x 2 (action perspectives: one vs multiple) x 2 (model behavior: recommended behavior vs not recommended behaviour) between participants experiment. It was conducted tot test if there is a main effect of type message, action perspectives and model behavior on the dependent variables (subjective comprehension, perceived threat, perceived efficacy en behavior intentions). Also, interaction effects were tested. Furthermore, the relationship between the dependent variables (subjective comprehension, perceived threat, perceived efficacy en behavior intentions) was investigated. Finally, it was investigated whether subjective comprehension is an useful addition to the Extended Parallel Process Model. Results showed no main effects of type message and action perspectives on the dependent variables. Furthermore, no main effects of model behavior where found, with the exception of behavior intentions. Also, the results showed no interaction effects of type message, action perspectives and model behavior on subjective comprehension, susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy, response efficacy and behavior intentions. Furthermore, the results showed a positive correlation between the dependent variables subjective comprehension, perceived threat, perceived efficacy and behavior intentions. Also, results showed that subjective comprehension is an useful addition to a model to predict behavior intentions. The study shows that in this context hardly matter whether a spoken of written message is sent. In this study, the action perspective “go to the meeting point at reception” seems to be enough for behavior intentions. Furthermore, people are more inclined to follow the warning message if they see also others do this.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61540
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