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Abstinence rate, participation in follow-up rehabilitation and life satisfaction after qualified alcohol detoxification treatment – predictors of recovery at 1-month follow-up.

Schliek, Manuela (2011) Abstinence rate, participation in follow-up rehabilitation and life satisfaction after qualified alcohol detoxification treatment – predictors of recovery at 1-month follow-up.

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Abstract:Objective: Alcohol dependence and abuse are important issues within the health-related context, displaying a high prevalence and considerable individual and societal consequences. Treatment of alcohol use disorders seems to be far from ideal, as relapse rates are high. The present research aims to improve treatment outcomes, by identifying predictors of alcohol abstinence, following qualified inpatient detoxification treatment. Method: This research is designed as one-month follow-up study of one sample, with three points of measurement in time. Differences at baseline and at the end of treatment are assessed by questionnaires, and the outcome after one month following discharge is investigated by standardized telephone calls. In total, 84 alcohol dependent men and women of an inpatient detoxification treatment participated. Results: At follow-up, 73% of the patients responded. In accordance with intention-to-treat analysis, 57% were continuously abstinent. Abstinence self-efficacy emerged as the most consistent predictor of abstinence. Higher levels of mental life satisfaction and being treated for alcohol problems for the first time also increased the likelihood of abstaining. Against expectation, abstinence motivation, perceived social support, participation in follow-up rehabilitation and patient characteristics did not significantly predict the outcome. Conclusion: A high degree of abstinence self-efficacy seems to be essential for the ability to sustain abstinence after discharge. Furthermore, the likelihood of abstinence among potential high-risk patients, as characterized by depression tendencies and unemployment, may be greatly enhanced by increasing their self-efficacy during therapy.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61689
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