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Samenhang tussen alcoholmisbruik en kwaliteit van leven bij personen met een verstandelijke beperking

Joërsen, Nicole (2012) Samenhang tussen alcoholmisbruik en kwaliteit van leven bij personen met een verstandelijke beperking.

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Abstract:Purpose. The focus in this qualitative research is investigating the relation between alcohol misuse and quality of life. Three domains of quality of life have been investigated: physical and mental health and interpersonal relations. Method. Eleven people with an intellectual disability or learning disability with alcohol problems or a past with misusing alcohol were asked about their general quality of life using the IDQOL-16, subsequently a semi-structured interview was held to talk about the relation between alcohol misuse and quality of life.. Results. With each of the three domains a bi-directional relation was found with alcohol abuse. Alcohol abuse has a bad influence on physical health, but physical discomfort is found to be a reason to drink by respondents, for example with experiencing withdrawal symptoms. Respondents pointed out that they particularly drank to get rid of negative feelings. However, alcohol abuse resulted in aggression as a direct effect, and depression on the long term. Because drinking will often lead to negative feelings, the user will eventually get stuck in a downward spiral. In the domain of interpersonal relations, alcohol abuse results in conflicts with the environment, but it also provides to get drinking peers. Social support and alcohol use have a bidirectional relation, by misusing alcohol the client will eventually receive less social support. This support gives the client strength to resist alcohol on the other hand. In the first instance, having work/daytime activities was seen as a social concept, but turned out to cover a lot more, and therefore did not fit within the interpersonal relations domain. This is an important subject though, and will therefore be taken as a separate domain of quality of life. Having daytime activities and experiencing social support are found to be the main factors in resisting alcohol. These two aspects will be useful in the treatment of alcohol problems for people with an intellectual disability or learning disability.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/61843
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