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The European Arrest Warrant and joint investigation teams in practice - a single-case study of Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA)-

Roosens, Katrin (2012) The European Arrest Warrant and joint investigation teams in practice - a single-case study of Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA)-.

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Abstract:Academic literature dealing with the European Union’s impact on the Basque terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) is rather scarce, and so are works assessing EU counter-terrorism policies. Combining these two issues, and thereby contributing to closing the gap in the literature, in this thesis two key EU initiatives adopted since the introduction of the Treaty of Amsterdam are analysed, their effectiveness as to fighting and eliminating the Basque ETA being evaluated. These initiatives are the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) and Joint Investigation Teams (JITs), which are frequently praised as fundamental instruments of cooperation with regard to fighting cross-border crime and terrorism. Hence, the research question is formulated as follows: To what extent did new European judicial tools like the European Arrest Warrant and Joint Investigation Teams contribute to the decline in ETA terrorist activities during the period 1999-2011? Within the framework of a single-case study design, this central research question is approached via some long-established indicators, namely the number of attacks, the number of arrests, and the number of victims of ETA-terrorism. Next to these purely quantitative data, some relevant academic and newspaper articles are consulted so as to provide a more comprehensive picture of whether the EU instruments might have resulted in decreasing ETA terrorist activity. The findings suggest that the policies have had a positive impact, as the number of attacks and victims went down, while the number of arrests went up. Nevertheless, the existence of third factors that cannot easily be controlled for somewhat limits the validity of these findings, making future research on the topic necessary.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration BSc (56627)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62036
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