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In de schoenen van daders..: de invloed van veranderingsgezindheid en groepslidmaatschap op perspectief name en beoordingen van daders

Bijvank, M. (2012) In de schoenen van daders..: de invloed van veranderingsgezindheid en groepslidmaatschap op perspectief name en beoordingen van daders.

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Abstract:his study was conducted to gain insight in the effects of groupmembership and changeability of perpetrators on perspective taking and judgment of perpetrators. The expectation was that changeability of a perpetrator would have a bigger influence on judgment reactions if the perpetrator belongs to an ingroup compared to a perpetrator belonging to an outgroup. That would indicate when the perpetrator would not show intention to change, the judgment of the ingroup member would be harsher than the judgment of the outgroup member (Black Sheep Effect, BSE). When the perpetrator would show intention to change, the judgment of the in-group member would be more lenient compared to the judgment of an outgroup member (In-group Leniency Effect). These influences were also expected on the degree of perspective taking. The expectations were tested in an experimental study, were the changeability and the groupmembership were manipulated. No evidence was found to confirm the two hypotheses (BSE and ILE). However, there were some interesting and unexpected interaction effects on some scales. It seems the changeability of a perpetrator plays a less significant role in the judgment of in-group members compared to the judgment of outgroup members. On the judgment of an unchangeable outgroup member, the degree of perspective taking was significantly lower than the degree of perspective taking of a changeable outgroup member. Perhaps this contributes to the fact that we have the tendency to attribute perceived crime of an ingroup to situational factors and the crime of an outgroup to dispositional factors. This phenomenon is called the ultimate attribution error (Pettigrew, 1979). In de theoretical foundation of this study this phenomenon will be explained further.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62329
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