University of Twente Student Theses


Dual- proces model: determinanten van alcoholgebruik

Böing, J. (2012) Dual- proces model: determinanten van alcoholgebruik.

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Abstract:Drinking is a current and serious problem among underage persons, adolescent and adults in the Netherlands and in the most parts of the world. The consequences of exessive drinking are mostly multifacet and serious and bring some problems for the health about. In this research there will be reviewed en analysed different factors , which can explain the usage of drinking. On the basis of this research there is positioned a model with different variabels. These are maintained through the twente model of binge- drinking. Here are used ultimate, distale and proximal factors to explain the drinking behavior. On basis of research of literature the attribute of impulsivity can be explained via the dual- proces model to the drinkingpattern. Hence, implicit and explicit cognitions will be used together in this research. So far it is mainly analysed the relation from the explicit route to the drinking of alcohol. A great part of the variance can be explained through the theroy of planned bahavior. Nevertheless there is a great remaining part that is not yet explained. The dual- proces model involves both routes and assume that both routes of information processing together can explain a further underpart of the relation with drinking. First, therefor will be done a sentence completition test, as a measure for the implicit route. Second there will be carryied out a survey, which measures the amount of alcoholconsumption and the explicit route with the theory of planned behavior. Another part of this survey is the substance use risk profile scale which measures impulsivity. The last part of this research is an implicit association test, which measures also the implicit route. This research demonstrates that both implicit cognitions and explicit cognitions have a reasonably strong relation with alcohol use. Also corelates the personalitytrait of impulsivity with drinking of alcohol. The regression analysis shows that the effect of impulsivity on the drinking behavior is mediated by the implicit and explicit cognitions. These results show that implicit and explicit cognitions together contribute to alcohol use.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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