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In de schoenen van criminelen?: de invloed van groepslidmaatschap en de ernst van het misdrijf op perspectiefname van daders

Brink, E.W. (2012) In de schoenen van criminelen?: de invloed van groepslidmaatschap en de ernst van het misdrijf op perspectiefname van daders.

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Abstract:Many people cannot and don’t want to understand why people commit crimes.What happens when ordinary citizens have to take perspective of the offender, to what extent are they willing to do this and how do they think then about the offender? Research shows that people take a different kind of perspective when they share the same group membership with the offender (ingroup) and that crime seriousness could also have an influence. An interaction effect is hypothesized between these two variables. Less willingness to and negative consequences of perspective taking for an ingroup-perpetrator who has committed a serious crime is expected, but the opposite (more willingness and positive consequences) for the ingroup-perpetrator who has committed a less serious crime, when these are compared to the other conditions. 114 Dutch participants took perspective of an ingroup or outgroup-perpetrator, whereby the seriousness of the crime was high or low. Unexpectedly, the participants appeared to have experienced more resistance when taking the perspective of the ingroup-perpetrator than for the outgroup-perpetrator. Also an interaction is shown, whereby there is more fear of sympathy for the ingroup-offender who has committed a serious crime, compared to the other conditions. In addition, the participants felt more empathy towards the perpetrator who has commited a less serious crime than for the perpetrator who has commited a serious crime. Although the expected pattern is in weak degree visible a few times, this research cannot prove a significant influence of crime seriousness and group membership. Implications for further research are discussed.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62332
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