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Subjective quality of life in relation to personality in people with psychiatric illnesses

Braun, V. (2012) Subjective quality of life in relation to personality in people with psychiatric illnesses.

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Abstract:Subjective Quality of Life in relation to personality in people with psychiatric illnesses The influence of neuroticism and extraversion on the three- factor model of subjective quality of life and domain life satisfaction Background: Personality traits, especially neuroticism and extraversion play an important role in subjective quality of life. Investigating this topic concerning to people with psychiatric illnesses is important because when knowing the factors and processes that influence subjective quality of life, it could be improved. This reduces costs for inpatient care, because people with a higher subjective quality of life are supposed to be able to live more independent. Furthermore it is important to investigate this topic for people with psychiatric illnesses with the three- factor model by Kim-Prietro and colleagues consisting of the components global life satisfaction, positive affect and negative affect (22). The present study adds the component domain life satisfaction because it represents the current satisfaction with different life domains. Method: The components of subjective quality of life are measured with three self-report questionnaires: DIALOG- questionnaire, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 19 people with psychiatric illnesses who live in psychiatric residential groups. The traits neuroticism and extraversion are measured with the S- form of the NEO-PI-R. Correlations and multiple regression analyses between components of subjective quality of life and extraversion and neuroticism are conducted. Results: Neuroticism significantly correlates with and predicts the components positive affect, negative affect, affect balance and global life satisfaction of subjective quality of life, in which the demographic factors sex, age and career add a contribution to the predictive value. Domain life satisfaction, correlates with extraversion and neuroticism. Conclusion: The present study shows that neuroticism is a main predictor of subjective quality of life and should be taken into account when trying to improve it in adaptive interventions. The concepts domain life satisfaction and global life satisfaction differ because domain life satisfaction seems to be indirectly predicted by the traits neuroticism and extraversion with other factors mediating this relationship, whereas global life satisfaction seems to be directly predicted by the traits neuroticism and extraversion. More research is needed to clarify the concept of domain life satisfaction and its relation to personality.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62334
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