University of Twente Student Theses


Balanced time perspectives and mindfulness

Vowinckel, J.C. (2012) Balanced time perspectives and mindfulness.

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Abstract:The individual construction of psychological time is a fundamental key factor of the individual construction of reality. Individual differences among psychological relations to time are a measurable variable, since philosophers and psychologists succeeded in developing the construct of Time Perspective (TP). The question of which TP is the most health-promoting led to the idea of a Balanced Time Perspective (BTP). This study compares the components of the two most important questionnaires measuring BTP, for correlations to Mindfulness and Life Satisfaction. 124 respondents completed the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI: Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999), the Balanced Time Perspective Scale (BTPS: Webster, 2011), the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire - Short Form (FFMQ-SF: Bohlmeijer, ten Klooster, Fledderus, Veehof, & Baer, 2011) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS: Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985). Another 33 respondents who recently finished a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program completed the BTPS, the FFMQ-SF and the SWLS. The scores of the MBSR-condition were compared to a control group. The MBSR- condition did not score significantly higher on the BTPS than the control group. Comparing the ZTPI and the BTPS it turned out that when using the deviation of a balanced time perspective coefficient (DBTP) to calculate BTP, a new combination of subscales taken from the ZTPI and the BTPS (replacing the Zimbardo future scale with the Webster future scale) led to higher correlations of BTP with mindfulness and life satisfaction. Correlations between TPs and facets of mindfulness are reported.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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