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How culture influences the telling and detection of lies: differences between low- and high-context individuals

Rotman, L.H. (2012) How culture influences the telling and detection of lies: differences between low- and high-context individuals.

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Abstract:Since police forces increasingly operate in an international context it may be argued that cultural differences influence the interaction between a police interviewer and a suspect, especially when it comes to the detection of deception. In this study, interactions within dyads of a low-context culture were compared to dyads of high-context cultures and to mixed cultural dyads. Comparison was done on two possible cues to detection of lies; depletion and behavioral mimicry. Furthermore, it was established to what extent interviewers in mixed cultural dyads were able to detect for lies. The experiment, involving 78 pairs of participants, consisted of an interview between a 'suspect' and an 'interviewer'. The suspect participants completed two pre-interview tasks; the first involving an online computer game called 'Never End' and the second involving a mock theft. They were instructed to either lie or tell the truth on both tasks. After that, they were interviewed by another participant who was instructed to detect for lies and truths. Results showed that i) low-context suspects are more depleted after the interview than high-context suspects, but that depletion does not vary across veracity conditions; ii) high-context dyads do not show more orientation or position mimicry during the interview than low-context dyads; iii) high-context dyads do not show more orientation or position mimicry when the suspect is lying; and iv) interviewer detection rates were not affected by cultural composition of the dyad. Additional analyses also indicate that mimicry did not negatively interfere with deception detection.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62456
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