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Landelijke deskundigheidsmakelaar: een analyse van haar werkproces en de inzet van deskundigen in rechercheonderzoeken

Klein Haneveld, Renate (2011) Landelijke deskundigheidsmakelaar: een analyse van haar werkproces en de inzet van deskundigen in rechercheonderzoeken.

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Abstract:In today's society it is expected that the police can justify any choice they make in a criminal investigation and that these choices are also correct. But there can be such a complex case that the police itself don't have enough in-house knowledge to make the right decisions. A police officer is not trained to recognize any mental disorder, but to solve crimes. To be able to meet the expectations of society, it is very regular to use (external) experts during a criminal investigation. To regulate this deployment of experts in a certain way and to ensure that only reliable experts will be used – to avoid miscarriages of justice as has occurred in history - in 2005 the ‘Landelijke Deskundigheidsmakelaar’ (LDM) was established. The LDM consists of four advisers that link experts to support requests from investigative teams. In this study there have been an analysis of the LDM database, where we took a look at the information it provides and what factors influence the developments in the use of behavioral experts in the interrogation process. This was a specifically choice because it is by far the largest group of support applications the LDM receives. The research started with an analysis of the LDM database that contains all support requests, experts and expertise areas. During this analysis some significant trends are found. A very important trend is the constant increase in the total number of applications and a slight decrease in the percentage of applications for behavioral experts in interrogation. An important explanation is the possibility for police officers to get some additional (behavioral) interview training. One explanation for the continued growth of the total requests is that the teams have experience with the LDM and experts and therefore greater use of its services. Another notable trend was the number of applications each force and the clear association with the background of the LDM advisors in a given year. The findings from the database analysis are supported by the respondents during the qualitative part of this study. To see what factors influence the developments in the use of experts in the behavioral interview process, we used interviews with 4 LDM- consultants, 7 detectives, and 8 experts and have analyzed 50 cases. This qualitative study shows that investigative education and past experience in the use of experts form two of the three main explanations. Another explanation, particularly described by investigators and experts, are the changes in laws and regulations regarding the use of behavioral experts at the hearing. But it is not clear whether there is a causal relationship between legislation and the developments in the use of experts or in reverse. It appears that there is a vicious circle, of which the start is unknown. Based on these findings, some recommendations for the LDM have been made, which adapt the database and evaluation methodology as the main points to get more efficiency and effectiveness. In addition, it remains important to always work on name recognition, even within the police training. Currently, the LDM is trying to implement some of the recommendations already.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
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