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Internationalization strategies in South Korean higher education - An explanatory analysis of the internationalization efforts of four Korean universities through the lenses of resource dependency and normative match

Mergner, Julia (2011) Internationalization strategies in South Korean higher education - An explanatory analysis of the internationalization efforts of four Korean universities through the lenses of resource dependency and normative match.

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Abstract:This research wants to examine why Korean universities choose for internationalization and what kind of internationalization instruments they use. As the theoretical framework, a combination of the theories of neo-institutionalism and resource dependency was adopted to explain why universities decide for a specific set of internationalization instruments, i.e. what internal and external pressures can influence this decision. Due to their distinct dependencies and attitudes towards internationalization, it was expected that there are differences in the reasons for internationalization and the use of internationalization strategies among private/public and regional/metropolitan universities. Results show that there are indeed substantial differences, although factors like ranking position and history can play important roles as well. The most comprehensive set of internationalization instruments was found at the private metropolitan university that in addition had a high universities’ ranking position in the country. However, the regional location could also be beneficial for internationalization efforts, in case that the university was privately funded because of two reasons: First, they have more freedom in resource allocation and selection of internationalization instruments, and second, the resource dependency on maintaining a sufficient student body resulted in choosing for internationalization as a way of differentiation. Overall, all universities show that they were convinced that nowadays internationalization makes up a necessary element in the service functions of higher education institutions in order to produce highly-qualified human resources that are globally competitive.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/62822
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