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Schemagerichte therapie bij cliënten met persoonlijkheidsproblematiek binnen een klinische behandelsetting: het verband tussen vroege, onaangepaste schema’s en beperkingen op levensgebieden

Bos, Martine (2013) Schemagerichte therapie bij cliënten met persoonlijkheidsproblematiek binnen een klinische behandelsetting: het verband tussen vroege, onaangepaste schema’s en beperkingen op levensgebieden.

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Abstract:Background: Numerous studies pointed out that individuals suffering from personality disorders often experience limitations on a variety of life domains. These limitations are often due to an extensive treatment history. Personality disorders are characterized as pervasive and rigid, with little room for change and improvement. Young’s schema therapy is proven to be effective in treating people with personality disorders. This therapy focuses on identifying and adapting early maladaptive schemas that form the base of personality pathology. Objective: The objective of the present study was to identify early maladaptive schemas in individuals suffering from personality disorders. Furthermore, this study seeked to examine life domains in which patients feel limited. Finally, the relation between maladaptive schemas and different life domains was examined. Method: Early maladaptive schemas of participants (n=35), following a group format schema therapy at Mediant de Wieke, were assessed using the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ). Based on patient record information, it was investigated to what extent participants experienced limitations within nine different life domains. In order to examine the relation between maladaptive schemas and life domains a Pearson’s correlation was performed. Results: A majority of the participants report early maladaptive schemas from almost all schema domains. In particular the domains ‘Disconnection and rejection’, ‘Other-directedness’ and ‘Negative attitude’ are highly represented. Most participants experience limitations on a variety of life domains. Contrary to expectations, this study did not find a significant relation between early maladaptive schemas and difficulties on life domains. However, unpredicted significant correlations were found between specific schemas and life domains. Conclusion: The present study supports findings from prior research within this field; individuals suffering from personality disorders experience limitations on numerous life domains and are known to have an extensive treatment history. In addition, they report a large number of early, maladaptive schemas from a variety of domains. Modest positive as well as negative relations were found between specific schemas and life domains. Future research is required in order to gain further insight in these relations to broaden the existing body of research within the field of schema therapy. Furthermore, it is suggested that other schema related instruments are employed to expand current knowledge on early maladaptive schemas.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63189
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