De alcoholpolikliniek - Doelgroepbeschrijving en de samenhang tussen risicofactoren van schadelijk alcoholgebruik

Cruchten, Susan van (2013) De alcoholpolikliniek - Doelgroepbeschrijving en de samenhang tussen risicofactoren van schadelijk alcoholgebruik.

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Abstract:Introduction: Due to the alarming facts and health risks of the use of alcohol by young people, there are many interventions created to reduce the harmful alcohol use among young people. The alcohol policlinics was developed to reduce alcohol abuse in the future and to identify underlying problems (Reinier de Graaf Groep et al. (2010); Tactus Verslavingszorg, 2012b). During the first consultation professionals implement a risk assessment on risk- and protective factors (causal factors). Aim: In the current study, a target group description will be made. The variables that are associated with the risk of alcohol abuse will be examined.. This study also describes the treatment offered to youthful clients. Another goal will be to determine whether the treatment is in line with the existing risks. Finally, it will be judged whether the medical files are entirely complete and if they consists of correct and relevant information to ensure the validity of this study. Methods: Al the collected data will be collected out of the electronic medical files There has been developed a coding scheme. In this scheme all the relevant data have been recoded into items that have been used during the data collection. All the collected qualitative data from the medical files where recoded into quantitative data, and where entered into SPSS. Results: Compared to characteristics of the Dutch youth, the youthful clients only differed in family situation.. In this study boys and girls where evenly divided and had an average age of 16,3 years. Risk factors are especially prominent in the alcohol-related cognitions and parenting variables. Gender and school level are also related to the degree of alcohol intake. But age and gender do not relate to risk factors of parenting variables and alcohol-related cognitions. The treatments offered are: no aftercare (only a intake), care according to the protocol (intake and 1 telephone call and / or 1 individual contact) and more care than in accordance to the protocol (intake and multiple telephone and / or individual contacts or training ). The type of treatment offered only relates to the total score of cognitions. Data shows that older youthful clients (17+) and clients with a different family situation are more likely to abort the treatment prematurely. Finally, results show that most of the files where complete and contained relevant information. Also, it seemed that most reported information is correct. Conclusion: The research has led to several concrete recommendations to improve the reporting in the medical files. A standardized form during the intake could be used to ensure that all the relevant information will be collected. If the recommendations will be followed and adjusted in the working method, it should be possible to have more insight in the working process of the alcohol policlinics. More insight in the working process can help future research to increase the quality of the treatment. It is also important to carry out follow-up studies for improvement the alcohol policlinics and to reduce the alcohol intake among youth.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63196
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