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Approach avoidance bias en alcoholverslaving

Hest, L. van (2013) Approach avoidance bias en alcoholverslaving.

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Abstract:Implicit biases in approaching and avoiding alcohol stimuli, is an important factor in the development, maintenance and relapse into alcoholism. This study examine whether there are differences in the approach/ avoidance bias between groups. The three groups consisted of alcoholics (n =7), abstinent (>12 months) ex-alcoholics (n= 17) and a control group (n =14) consisting of light and non-drinkers. All participants performed the Approach Avoidance Task (AAT), by which the degree of approach and avoidance with respect to alcohol stimuli and soda stimuli could be charged. In addition, the SumID-Q, Craving VAS and Craving ACQ-SF-R was conducted. There was no significant difference in approach/ avoidance bias towards alcohol between the different groups of participants. Incidentally, there is a trend in the expected direction observed, where alcoholics alcohol stimuli approached faster than ex-addicts and the control group. There is no relationship between AAT scores and the VAS Craving, Craving ACQ-SF-R, severity of drinking and attitudes (positive and negative) emerged. There is in the literature little known about differences in approach/ avoidance biases between alcoholics, abstinent ex-alcoholics and light or non-drinkers. Future research into this form of cognitive bias is therefore desirable. A suggestion for future research is the repetition of this study.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63217
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