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Systeemopstellingen: ervaring en herstel

Horst, K. ter (2013) Systeemopstellingen: ervaring en herstel.

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Abstract:Research showed that problems in families can best be solved by any kind of system therapy, which can provide a more substantial contribution towards improving the welfare of the individual as also of interpersonal relations. In this study the system or family constellation will be presented. It is an ultra short kind of systemic group therapy, in which one problem is addressed in one session part. To explore his problem, the client selects members out of the group, who are totally unfamiliair with the client and the problem and positions them as representatives for the case and watches the constellation from a distance. The representatives are able to tune in into the unconscious level of the system of the client and can display the problem. One session often gives so much insight in the problem, that mostly it is solved or the client can handle it. The family constellation is developed by the German Hellinger based on various family system theories and the ancestral reverence of the South African Zulus. By the controversies that have arisen as a result of the attitude of Hellinger there are hardly published any peer-reviewed studies on this theme. But now as other types of system constellations are arisen, slowly scientific research is emerging. In one of these new studies it was found that the themes belonging, autonomy, accord and confidence with life play an essential role within the intra- and interpersonal experience of relationships of participants in system constellations and research on life stories and therapy narratives found that agency and communion play a prominent role in that. This study displays the experiences of participants in system constellations and is the first study that has quantified the narratives of participants at system constellations. For that Dutch and German participants of system constellations were asked ones to retrospectively narrate of their experiences at one system constellation. These narratives are analysed on content and whether these participants report a recovery at agency and communion and on intrapersonal and interpersonal perception of relationships. To display the presence of these themes and make them measurable the narratives are evaluated and scored on three statements, namely the relation to the topic before and after the constellation and the changes in life. The analysis showed a substantial improvement upon both intra- and interpersonal perception of the relations to the subject for which was positioned, what was also confirmed by the quantitative scoring of the experiences of the participants on agency and communion. This proves not that participants in system constellations with an own constellation can generally attain a substantial improvement in agency and communion and in belonging, autonomy, accord and confidence with life within óne constellation session, but it gives an impuls to future study on this theme under scientific circumstances. The results of this study are supported by a recently quantititative German research on the efficacy of system constellations, which also achieved high external validity. In the present study on the narratives of participants of system constellation is further found that there is found a positive relationship between the number of constellations that people have attended and the wish for specialization like trauma, symptom and structure constellations. Next to the very positive results of this study, a few critical comments have been made and wil be further explained. For future research there are made a number of recommendations for application of constellations with other populations including adolescents and clinical settings.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63224
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