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1 Hacktivism in Europe : renewals in social movements in the digital age

Dikme, M. (2013) 1 Hacktivism in Europe : renewals in social movements in the digital age.

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Abstract:The goal of this paper is to bring clarity and further the hacktivism research by finding out what the similarities between hacktivism and social movements are. Hacktivism is a movement in itself and sometimes it is compared with social movements. There has not been a common ground on this field. Many authors give their idea and definitions of hacktivism as well as the similarities and differences to social movements. With a dialectic approach this work aims coming to a common ground and understanding all perspectives. The debate includes a lot of different characteristics and factors that are underlined in other works. Hacktivism is a newly arising movement that has brought a lot of media attention. Especially for the European Union, the global character of hacktivism has been important for cross-border cooperation. Not only Member States the European Union has been a target of hackers. With common regulations the Union is trying to respond to hacktivist attacks. A clear definition of hacktivism is yet missing, which makes the reaction to these attacks even harder. This paper will try to give an understanding of what type of movement hacktivism is and look at eight identified characteristics of social movements. Using interviews and information of hacktivists these characteristics will be applied on hacktivists groups such as Anonymous and LulzSec. Social and hacktivist movements have a lot in common, which are mostly depending on the age of its members.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:European Studies BSc (56627)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63298
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