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De ontwikkeling van psychologische flexibiliteit gedurende het therapieproces van ACT bij chronische pijnpatiënten

Petter, H.A. (2013) De ontwikkeling van psychologische flexibiliteit gedurende het therapieproces van ACT bij chronische pijnpatiënten.

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Abstract:Objective. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a third generation behavioral therapy and is proven to be effective in the treatment of patients with chronic pain. Chronic pain is an extensive social problem that has many consequences for the person suffering from it. The purpose of ACT is to enhance psychological flexibility, meaning that someone is fully conscious of the present moment and performs actions which are directed by his or her values. ACT is not geared towards pain control but valuable living with pain and limitations. Up to now, little is known about the underlying processes of the development of psychological flexibility during treatment. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to analyze the underlying processes of psychological flexibility during a treatment based on ACT in a specialized rehabilitation center. The development of psychological flexibility is investigated and the emphasis lies on the development of values during the treatment. Method. Four patients were interviewed weekly to get insight into their development. Two researchers coded the interviews and scores were being appointed to the amount of acceptance, values based action and application of what was learned. Results. Based on this present research it becomes clear that the ACT treatment has a positive effect on psychological flexibility of the patients. The difference between the first week and the last week of treatment are significant. The differences between the measurements of the first week and the measurements six weeks after treatment are also significant. The underlying processes ‘Acceptance’, ‘Values Based Action’ and ‘Application’ also seem to increase during treatment for the majority of the patients. The development of each patient differs a lot from the other. Conclusion. Present research gives us insight in the perception of the patients on their development during the treatment. Future research can address the individual characteristics and the cohesion with acceptance and values based action. These individual characteristics can be the age of the patients or processes in the group during treatment.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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