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Compensatory Health Beliefs, ASE-model en persoonlijkheid: de relatie met rookgedrag bij studenten

Rüskamp, M. (2013) Compensatory Health Beliefs, ASE-model en persoonlijkheid: de relatie met rookgedrag bij studenten.

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Abstract:Objective: Smoking is a main cause for many diseases en death worldwide. Nevertheless, smoking is still prevalent, although most smokers are quite knowledgeable about the harmful effects of smoking. Knowledge therefore is not enough to make people stop smoking. There are many studies that search for factors related on smoking behavior. They are based on diverse theories, such as the ASE-model and personality. Furthermore, the theory of Compensatory Health Beliefs (CHBs) describes beliefs that reduce cognitive dissonance arising from performing unhealthy behavior. CHBs are defined as beliefs that the negative consequences of unhealthy behavior (smoking) can be compensated for or neutralized through the performance of healthy behavior (e.g. exercising). This study focuses on these different theories. Its aim is to examine to what extend the CHBs can help to understand smoking behavior, less from and in connection with the ASE-model and personality dimensions (Anxiety Sensitivity, Hopelessness, Sensation Seeking and Impulsiveness). Method: 242 high-skilled adolescents (187 female, 55 male, mean age 21,3) participated in this study. They all completed a set of four self report questionnaires: de Compensatory Health Belief Scale, a short version of the Fagerstrøm Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), a compilation of questions about psychological determinants of smoking behavior (ASE-model) and the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS). Results: The mean scores from smokers on the “CHB substance use scale” and the personality dimensions SS, IMP and H were significantly higher than the mean scores from non-smokers. A mediation analysis showed a significant result for complete mediation of 1) the relationship between CHBs and smoking behavior by intention, 2) the relationship between Sensation Seeking and smoking behavior by CHBS and 3) the relationship between Hopelessness and smoking behavior by Self-efficacy. Conclusions: The findings indicate that CHBs as well as the personality dimensions SS, IMP and H have an influence on a person’s smoking behavior. People who smoke are using CHBs more often to justify their behavior. Furthermore, smokers are more sensation seeking, more impulsive and/or hopeless than non-smokers.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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