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Risicovol gedrag onder jonge beginnende bestuurders

Schotpoort, M. (2013) Risicovol gedrag onder jonge beginnende bestuurders.

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Abstract:Each year, hundreds of people are tob e lost in traffic and in addition there are many people who end up in the hospital with injuries. The victim numbers are still too high despite declines. Comparatively, most deaths occur among youth and young adults aged 18 t / m 24 years old. This study therefore focuses on young novice drivers from 18 t / m 24 years old and the risky behaviour they exhibit in traffic. Under this risky behaviour is any behaviour while driving meant that can contribute to accidents. The main question of this research is: Why are there so many accidents among young novice drivers? Like possible causes in previous studies is often a lack of driving experience and age itself known. In this study, however, will be looked to other variables to give an answer to this question. Therefore there are six hypotheses set up that deal with relationships between risky behaviour with longer driving license possession, level of knowledge about risks, degree of hazard recognition, experiences with accidents and degree of risk preparedness. Also, it will be considered for a relationship between experiences with accidents with a high degree of hazard recognition. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among 193 respondents between the ages of 18 t/m 24 years old, who are in possession of a driving license 2.5 years on average. The questionnaire consisted of 63 questions about risky behaviour, experience with accidents, hazard recognition, risk preparedness and knowledge about risks. This study showed that the exhibit of less risky behaviour is associated with experience with accidents and that experience with accidents is associated with a high degree of hazard recognition. It means for the main question that risky behaviour indeed is related to experience with accidents and that when young novice drivers have been involved in a slight accident, the degree of hazard recognition will be higher. It is also showed that longer driving license possession is related to the exhibit of more risky behaviour in traffic. The main question beside is also answered by looking at how much risky behaviour is explained by the different variables together. The model therefore was found to be significant and explains 14.6% of the risky behaviour. Hereby it also came up that the duration of the driving license possession, experience with accidents and the degree of risk preparedness here are of a significant influence. Linked to the hazard recognition model (Groeger, 2000) it can be said that the duration of the driving license possession also plays a role but this will fit beyond the existing model. Also experience with accidents is not yet included in the model but can be included among seeing potential danger and the estimation of its severity. The degree of risk preparedness could be included among the estimation of the severity and extent of the danger because as personality traits play a role here.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63330
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