University of Twente Student Theses


Samenhang tussen de tevredenheid met sociale participatie, self-efficacy en ziekteduur bij patiënten met poliartritis

Wibberich, Sophia (2013) Samenhang tussen de tevredenheid met sociale participatie, self-efficacy en ziekteduur bij patiënten met poliartritis.

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Abstract:Objective More than 2 percent of the population of the world has to live with polyarthritis. Polyarthritis is a disease, where the patients get inflammations in joints, are fatigued, feel pain and feel that they have reduced life quality. Previous research showed that the perceived quality of life is strongly correlated with someone’s satisfaction with participation. Furthermore people with a long-term illness are less satisfied with their social participation and also their self-efficacy may change. Also changes in people’s self-efficacy take place. Moreover the duration of disease is also important, because previous research has already emerged that functional limitations in patients are larger within people with longer duration of disease. It is expected that self-efficacy and social participation is lower in patients with a long duration of disease. To test these expectation, the following study focuses on people with polyarthritis. Method Patients with polyarthritis from the Medical Spectrum Twente in Enschede, received three questionnaires on three different moments with 6 months in between. The first measure was filled in by 330 patients, the second by 283 en the third by 252 patients. The study analyzed the answers on the ‘Arthritis self-efficacy scale’ and ‘Impact of participation and autonomy’ questionnaire by using a Spearman-correlation analysis, Mann-Whitney U tests and a variance analysis with additional scatterplots. Results The results showed a positive correlation between self-efficacy and satisfaction with social participation, thus the correlation showed that the higher the levels of self-efficacy, the higher the levels of satisfaction with social participation. Furthermore no clearly significant conclusion can be drawn over the influence of the duration of the disease, but mostly a long disease showed that the satisfaction of social participation or self-efficacy was lower than in patients with a medium duration of the disease. Conclusion In conclusion, for treatment of patient with polyarthritis it is important to look at patient’s self-efficacy and satisfaction with social participation because the longer someone is sick, the more impact the disease has on its satisfaction with social participation and self-efficacy.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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