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Probleemverkenning 'Cybercrime en Jeugd' - Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de verschillende vormen van cybercriminaliteit gepleegd door jongeren tot 18 jaar, en hun achtergrondkenmerken, motieven en criminele carrières.

Egberink, K. (2013) Probleemverkenning 'Cybercrime en Jeugd' - Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de verschillende vormen van cybercriminaliteit gepleegd door jongeren tot 18 jaar, en hun achtergrondkenmerken, motieven en criminele carrières.

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Abstract:Due to the fact that cybercrime in a number of years, has become a phenomenon that every computer user almost daily is confronted with and where young people are at risk, is it important that there is more insight in the involvement of young people up to 18 years in cybercrime in the Netherlands. With better understanding, the management Judicial Youth Policy draw up a strategy to prevent or tackle involvement of young people in cybercrime. Through analysis of cases in the database rechtspraak.nl (N = 47) and interviews (N = 10) with important key figures within this topic, is obsolete in this study which forms of cyber crime are committed by young people under 18 and whether certain background characteristics and motives are characteristic of that group. There is also examined whether there is a case of a criminal career or that young people do this once. The study found that young people are more involved in forms of cyber crime in the broad sense, like sexting, child pornography and threats. When young people are involved in cyber crime in the strict sense, this relates generally DDoS attacks and hacking. A reason why young people would be less involved in cyber crime in the strict sense is that this is often a more organized form of cybercrime and it is also costly. Beside that there are no combinations found of cybercrime in the strict sense and broad sense or cybercrime in the strict sense and offline crime. In contrast combinations of cybercrime in the broad sense and offline crimes do occur among young people. It may be that when an offense begins on the internet this is further fought out on the street or vice versa. Furthermore the results also show that there is no prototype perpetrator. So is it difficult to determine which backgrounds of young people play a role in who commit cybercrime. It was apparent that if something was appointed on this background characteristics, it concerned (light) autistic traits, emotional and cognitive delays and a low IQ. Also on criminal careers there can be no conclusions drawn. This is due the fact that there is virtually nothing appointed out in rechtspraak.nl, but also because of the fact that cybercrime is often not recorded as to the police, according to interviewees. For example, they often just register it as a threat, but not over the internet. Therefore it is difficult to say whether they give it up or continue if they have received a community service. Nevertheless, there are similarities in motifs that have emerged from rechtspraak.nl and the interviews. Motives for committing cybercrime can be: revenge, jealousy, wanting to belong with a group, and power. Finally, the results also show that there are specific risks that follow from the digital behavior of young people. There is a close relationship between perpetrators and victims. Victims can also become perpetrators, causing to increase social damage. In addition, a number of young people behave criminal without knowing it, but when they are caught they do not realize it has negative consequences on their later life, such as job search. Therefore young people will have to be made early aware of their (criminal) behavior on the internet. Nevertheless, there are also young people who know that they behave illegal, but they know that the chances of being caught are low and they will therefore continue with their operations. In addition, they are increasingly developing tactics and also damage more and more. According tot interviewees this can be prevented by not increasing the sentence but through increasing the probability of detection.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/63512
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